ERIC Number: ED255787
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Children in Families Experiencing Separation and Divorce: An Investigation of the Effects of Planned Brief Intervention.
Although research documents the adverse effects of parental divorce on children, there is little information on clinical intervention for this population. To empirically test the effectiveness and relative contribution of differing treatments, a program of planned, brief (6 weeks) intervention, aimed at altering children's negative attitudes or expectations to divorce and stimulating alternative coping strategies, was implemented. Subjects (N=80) were randomly assigned to one of six experimental groups: parents only, 2 groups; children only, 2 groups; concurrent but separate parent and children groups, 2 groups or to one of two control groups. Data on such variables as emotional adjustment, self-esteem, locus of control, and behavioral functioning were collected at four points: at pretest following intake, during the program, 2 weeks after conclusion, and at 3- or 6-month follow-up. The results showed that overall, experimental children showed greater gains on the program goals of acceptance and adaptation, and their improvement encompassed more areas of functioning than that of control group children. The findings demonstrate that for the majority of children who experience family change long-term traditional psychotherapy is not warranted. (The five chapters of this report describe in extensive detail the intervention model, the experimental design, and the research results. Numerous data tables and charts supplement the text. A A nine-page bibliography concludes the document). (MCF)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Brief Psychotherapy, Children, Comparative Analysis, Coping, Divorce, Emotional Adjustment, Foreign Countries, Group Therapy, Marital Instability, Parent Child Relationship, Parents, Program Effectiveness
Families in Transition Department, Family Service Association of Metropolitan Toronto, 14 College Street, 4th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1K2 ($13.00, $5.00 summary version).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of National Health and Welfare, Ottawa (Ontario). National Welfare Grants.
Authoring Institution: Family Service Association of Metropolitan Toronto (Ontario).
Identifiers: Canada; Treatment Outcomes