ERIC Number: ED255620
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Reciprocity and Junior High School Friendships.
Ayers, Marla; Clark, M. L.
Data collected from 136 7th and 8th graders were analyzed to assess the relationship between reciprocity (mutual and non-mutual selection of friends), friendship similarity (in the areas of sex, race, physical attractiveness, interpersonal attitudes, intelligence, and friendship satisfaction and commitment) and friendship proximity both in and out of school. On the basis of these data, subjects were then classified into dyads based on three variables: reciprocity, sex, and race. Friendships were classified as either reciprocated or non-reciprocated. Further analysis yielded the following major findings: Reciprocated adolescents were perceived as more attractive, had higher social status, and were more committed to their best friend than non-reciprocated adolescents. More black than white students were in the non-reciprocated group. White students had more in-school contact and black students more out-of-school contact with their friends. Reciprocal dyads were more similar than non-reciprocal dyads on one status variable, and in friendship satisfaction and commitment. Female dyads were more similar than male dyads in intelligence and personality. The reciprocal dyads consisted of more same-sex and female friends. Future research needs to focus on sex and racial differences in friendship selection and maintenance during early adolescence. (Author/RDN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reciprocity; Similarity Ratings
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (Atlanta, GA, March 1985). For related document, see UD 024 200.