ERIC Number: ED255588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Black Flight: The Middle Class Black Reaction to School Integration and Metropolitan Change. Discussion Paper #17.
Katzman, Martin T.; Childs, Harold
With the large-scale movement of middle-class Blacks to the suburbs over the last two decades, the enrollment of Blacks in suburban public and private schools has risen sharply. Using the Black population of Dallas as a target group, the effect of neighborhood attributes and changing family and urban characteristics on the destinations of Blacks who moved was investigated. Analysis of data about the social characteristics of families that moved or migrated to various neighborhoods in Dallas County over the 1965-70 period (income, sex and age of household head, 1965 residence, race, number of children, number of workers) and about neighborhood characteristics (journey to work, tax rate, crime rate, neighborhood race, housing availability, social class, housing price) led to the following major findings: (1) Like their White counterparts, middle-class Blacks select residential neighborhoods that are oriented to their workplace, and (2) Race is very influential: Blacks are repelled by predominantly White neighborhoods and attracted to predominantly Black neighborhoods. Because Dallas, in the late 1960s, was exceptionally impoverished and segregated, the inferences to be drawn from this study may be biased. But casual observation of the District of Columbia reinforces the strongest implication: that Black suburbanization results not in the dispersal of the Black population but in the creation of Black suburbs. (KH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Dallas. Southwest Center for Economic and Community Development.
Identifiers: Neighborhood Characteristics; Texas (Dallas)