ERIC Number: ED255537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Estimating Ability with Three Item Response Models when the Models are Wrong and Their Parameters are Inaccurate.
Jones, Douglas H.; And Others
How accurately ability is estimated when the test model does not fit the data is considered. To address this question, this study investigated the accuracy of the maximum likelihood estimator of ability for the one-, two- and three-parameter logistic (PL) models. The models were fitted into generated item characteristic curves derived from the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. Results indicated that the 3-PL model is the least biased, but that for lower abilities it had both the highest mean square error and was the most fragile with respect to sampling fluctuations of the parameter estimates. It is recommended that the current practice of utilizing some method of restricting the variability of parameters continue to be employed (such as Bayesian priors, robust estimation, or fixing some parameters to be constant). (Author/BS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Brooks AFB, TX.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. Program Statistics Research Project.
Identifiers: Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery; Item Characteristic Curves