ERIC Number: ED255536
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Ethnographic/Qualitative Research: Theoretical Perspectives and Methodological Strategies.
Butler, E. Dean
This paper examines the metatheoretical concepts associated with ethnographic/qualitative educational inquiry and overviews the more commonly utilized research designs, data collection methods, and analytical approaches. The epistemological and ontological assumptions of this newer approach differ greatly from those of the traditional educational research orientation. Concepts discussed include multiple realities, discovery and explaining, expansion, importance of situational/contextual elements, and emergent rather than preordained research designs. The following methodological features are defined: case study designs, participant-observer, sampling, analytical induction ethnography, grounded theory, negative case analysis, constant comparative method, researcher as the main data collection instrument, triangulation, maps/models, foreshadowed problems, and levels of abstraction. The four constructs to determine the trustworthiness of naturalistic/qualitative research are credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. (BS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Naturalistic Research; Qualitative Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (13th, New Orleans, LA, November 14-16, 1984).