ERIC Number: ED255393
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Spatial Ability and Achievement in Organic Chemistry.
Pribyl, Jeffrey R.; Bodner, George M.
This study investigated the role that spatial ability has in achievement in organic chemistry. Spatial ability was defined as containing two subfactors--spatial visualization and spatial orientation. Spatial visualization is the ability to mentally manipulate pictorially presented stimuli; involved in the processes of manipulation are the abilities of recognition, retention, and recall of a configuration in which there is movement along the internal parts. Spatial orientation is the ability to remain unconfused by changing orientations in which a configuration may be presented. Subjects were students in a course designed for nonscience majors, particularly for students in agriculture and health sciences. Findings show that students in the low spatial group scored significantly lower than students in the high spatial group on the organic chemistry examinations. Similarities and differences between the work of the high and low spatial students were also examined. The high spatial students made more use of drawings than the low spatial students on questions that asked for drawings and also on questions that did not ask specifically for drawings. It was also found that students, regardless of spatial ability, who drew pictures, scored higher on the examinations. (JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Science Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (58th, French Lick Springs, IN, April 15-18, 1985). Several pages of slides are marginally legible.