ERIC Number: ED255315
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Gender Effects in Parenting.
Copeland, Anne P.; Grossman, Frances K.
The literature on how parent gender influences responses to children has grown enormously in the past decade; mothers and fathers have been found to differ on many dimensions and to be similar on just as many. Conflicting evidence also exists on how a child's gender affects parenting style. This paper reports some important gender differences in the way women and men respond to their children and discusses mediation of these effects by parent personality and other variables. The Family Changes Project, a study of post-separation families, allowed analysis of several aspects of these questions. Children in mother-custody families reported that their fathers often gave them no reason for the divorce, while mothers more often gave an explanation. Videotaped observations of mothers and children playing, made during the first post-separation year, revealed differences in children's responses by sex and age. Also, Type A mothers (impatient, achievement-striving, and aggressive) were found to be more directive with their sons, while Type B mothers were more directive with daughters. Results from the Pregnancy and Parenthood Project revealed parent gender differences in child caretaking, some influenced by the child's birth order and gender. It was concluded that the development of today's children will be influenced by the paradox of receiving direct messages that boys and girls are equal while being surrounded by evidence that their parents behave very differently in their family roles. (CB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related document, see PS 015 037. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (San Francisco, CA, October 16-20, 1984).