ERIC Number: ED255290
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Penn State/OCYF Day Care Project: Final Report of a Pilot Study.
Kontos, Susan; Fiene, Richard
In Pennsylvania compliance with state health and safety regulations for day care center licensing is monitored by administering the Child Development Program Evaluation (CDPE). This pilot study attempted to discover key indicators of day care center quality other than those measured on the CDPE and also to find out about the relationships between these quality indicators and child development. Ten day care centers were assessed using the CDPE and two other measures, the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale (ECERS) and the Caregiver Observation Form and Scale. Results indicated that nonprofit centers had higher scores on the two measures of quality than profit centers. However, children who attended profit centers had higher socioeconomic status and higher scores for cognitive, language, and social development. After a certain level of state compliance, program quality scores were found to fall as state compliance scores rose. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis to determine the predictors of child development revealed only one small effect for program quality. Ten items from the ECERS were found to be good predictors of overall program quality. It was concluded that compliance with state regulations is not an indicator of program quality, and that a comprehensive, state-wide study of day care quality should obtain separate samples of profit and nonprofit centers, should include lower and middle class children from each center, and should explore funding as a factor in day care quality. (CB)
Descriptors: Certification, Classroom Environment, Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis, Compliance (Legal), Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Educational Improvement, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Needs, Financial Support, Legislation, Nonprofit Organizations, Pilot Projects, Proprietary Schools, Quality of Life, Rating Scales, Social Development, Standards, State Standards
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Authoring Institution: N/A