ERIC Number: ED254961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr-2
Reference Count: 0
Schools at the Center of Society's Values and Vision.
The critical need for school reform cannot be separated from social reform. It is necessary, therefore, to go beyond the limited scope of curriculum modification to the process of learning how to take every element of an educational experience, raise it to a conscious level, and relate it to a universal struggle around a system of democratic values. The Depression-era community education experiments of Elsie Ripley Clapp provide an example of such an attempt. Clapp organized two projects aimed at demonstrating the place of education in the building of a democratic life--Roger Clark Ballard Memorial School and Arthurdale Community School. Both curricula operated from basic assumptions that represented the organized expression of Clapp's understanding of what John Dewey meant by the "social functioning of schools,""democracy as a way of life," and "creative democracy." The projects operated on the following three assumptions: (1) a democratic philosophy of life must dominate all the activities constituting the curriculum and other phases of the school program; (2) democracy and freedom result from one's own initiative and resourcefulness; and (3) individual differences must be respected. Twelve references are provided. (DCS)
Descriptors: Community Education, Democracy, Democratic Values, Educational Change, Educational Experiments, Educational Improvement, Educational Objectives, Educational Philosophy, Educational Principles, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Foundations of Education, Human Dignity, Individual Power, Individualism, Participative Decision Making, School Community Relationship, Social Action, Social Change
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Arthurdale Community School WV; Clapp (Elsie Ripley); Dewey (John); Roger Clark Ballard Memorial School KY
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).