ERIC Number: ED254790
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov-19
Reference Count: 0
The Life-Span Perspective and Attribution Theory.
Attribution theory and gerontology would be enriched by the application of a life-span approach to attribution, involving increased attention to the age of the stimulus person and developmental factors associated with self-attribution. In studies on achievement attributions about older people, chronological age appears to be a more salient cue for failure than for success, but findings in this area may be task-dependent. Research on attributions made by older persons indicates that older respondents do not use information about past history when making attributional judgments. This may be due to a cognitive difference in the ability to process multiple sources of information, but a clear conclusion cannot be made on the basis of present research. Recent investigations involving immediate attributions by older persons about their own intellectual behavior offer promising approaches to uncovering information about self-serving biases and attributional judgments which are appropriate to older persons. Practical implications of attributional research include attribution therapy for older persons with self-debilitating attributions, changing attributions which perpetuate negative stereotypes about older people, and examining the attributional correlates of personal control in institutionalized older people. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Life Span
Note: Paper presented as part of the symposium, "Some Integrational Themes of Social Psychology and Gerontology," at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (37th, San Antonio, TX, November 16-20, 1984).