ERIC Number: ED254773
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Optimizing Network Effectiveness: Application of General Living Theory.
Brown, Bill R.; Ernst, Marvin
Because of the increased recognition of the multi-dimensionality of problems facing older adults and the need for greater focus on individual problems, increased efforts are being made to assess the needs of individuals. One promising area in this effort is functional assessment, which moves away from the use of chronological age, which classifies by birthdate, to a framework of analysis and testing of the individual's ability to perform natural and expected events within the natural environment. Services for the aged developed in the United States in response to preconceptions of need instead of to systematic needs assessment. As the service network evolved, the match between client needs and structured services to fulfill those needs was less than accurate. According to General Living Systems Theory, as a system's components become more numerous they become more specialized and decentralized, increasing the likelihood of conflict. The prinicples for optimizing the system then become assessment of individual need, aggregation of individual needs into a collectivity of needs, evaluation of barriers to coordination through a review of both structure and process and, finally, the minimization of conflict and the sharing of purpose. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners; Researchers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: General Living Systems Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (37th, San Antonio, TX, November 16-20 1984).