ERIC Number: ED254541
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
A Taxonomy of Literature Reviews.
Cooper, Harris M.
A taxonomy for literature reviews in education and psychology is presented. The increased use of the descriptor "literature review" in ERIC and Psychological Abstracts documents between 1969 and 1983 is cited as creating the need for categorization. The taxonomy categorizes reviews according to focus, goal, perspective, coverage, organization, and audience. The seven winners of the American Educational Research Association's Research Review Award are used to illustrate these categories. Data on intercoder reliability of taxonomy codings when applied by readers is presented. The taxonomy is used to describe a representative sample of existent reviews. Suggestions are made concerning how the taxonomy might facilitate judgments concerning the quality of future knowledge synthesis activities. General standards for evaluating reviews are presented. (DWH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ERIC; Psychological Abstracts
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985) under the title "The Literature Review: Knowledge Synthesis Activities in Education and Psychology."