ERIC Number: ED254458
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Traditional Indian Education.
From the earliest historical period up to the present, Hindus have linked education with religion. This paper examines the evolution of the Hindu educational system from the Vedic period (up to 1000 B.C.) to the present. Topics covered include the historical development of the Hindu education from the earliest period when it consisted of recitation of the Vedas to the Brahmana period which led to the development of the Laws of Manu, the rule of religious and social life for Hindus, and later periods. Other areas discussed are teaching methods and objectives in traditional primary schools, the central position of the student-teacher relationship, higher education from the Vedic period to 1200 A.D., and teaching methods used in an educational system emphasizing memorization. Separate sections also deal with: (1) the evolution of women's education from the earlier period, when women were freer to participate, to the period beginning around 500 B.C. when women's educational opportunities declined; and (2) the philosophy of education, which emphasized the importance of education for illumination, greater piety, and character development. A seven-page list of project research papers concludes the document. (IS)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Hinduism, Males, Memorization, Religious Education, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Student Educational Objectives, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods, Womens Education
Publication Type: Reports - General; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.
Note: Paper from the Project on Human Potential. For other project papers, see SO 016 244-270.