ERIC Number: ED254399
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of the "Groups of Four" Program on Student Achievement.
Johnson, Lizbeth Champagne
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the "Groups of Four" program, examining the impact of the cooperative learning strategy on students' achievement in mathematical problem solving. Effects of three specific independent variables in the program were examined in terms of gender, group assignment, and ability, to determine if differences in achievement exist. The historical context of group learning, psycho-social advantages of grouping, and current research are first discussed, with an explanation of the "Groups of Four" strategy. Approximately 150 average ability students from six eighth-grade classrooms participated. In the Experimental 1 group, the strategy was used twice a week; in the Experimental 2 group, the strategy was used on a nonregular basis; the control group had not been trained to use the program. Results of preliminary multiple regression analysis indicated that the amount of time spent in cooperative grouping did not have a significant effect on student achievement. (MNS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cooperative Learning; Mathematics Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).