ERIC Number: ED253996
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Comparison of Sensorimotor Learning of Mentally Retarded and Normal Adolescents.
Guay, Roland B.; Andres, Donald L.
Mildly mentally retarded (N=36), moderately mentally retarded (N=39), and normal (N=37) adolescents were compared on measures of sensorimotor learning ability to determine whether retarded adolescents can learn to perform a vocationally meaningful task as efficiently as normal adolescents. Three measures of sensorimotor learning ability were computed for each S: (1) inferred initial performance, (2) sensorimotor learning rate, and (3) predicted training time. Data were collected on the Salvendy One-Hole Test, a peg positioning task. Results indicated that mentally retarded and normal Ss had different sensorimotor learning abilities on two of three components of the learning curve model of sensorimotor learning ability. Retarded Ss had significantly lower inferred initial performance scores and longer predicted training time than normal Ss. However, retarded Ss were not found to have a different sensorimotor learning rate, suggesting that they may be able to learn a predominantly sensorimotor job (one relatively free of cognitive elements) as rapidly as normal Ss. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).