ERIC Number: ED253942
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Organizational Stress Experienced by Teachers and Principals.
Friesen, D.; Richards, D.
This study examined the work-related stress experienced by principals and teachers in public schools. The researchers worked under the assumption that some of the stress related to a job situation comes from the environment. Condensed versions of two questionnaires developed by Williams (measuring stress experienced by teachers) and Jankovich (measuring stress experienced by principals) were mailed to a random sample of 300 teachers and 270 principals in the Alberta, Canada, province. The data were analyzed according to the problems posed by the study. Four observations made as a result of the findings may lead to a better understanding of occupational stress and research on stress in organizations: (1) the main stress factors identified were similar to those in previous studies, suggesting a stability of factor structures and the possibility that stress factors can be identified for work groups; (2) background variables did not contribute significantly to overall work stress--again, consistent with previous studies--suggesting that work-related stress is not related to background variables; (3) personal life stress, as in previous studies, failed to account for variance in overall work stress, suggesting work stress results from experiences on the job; and (4) a very significant difference occurs between teachers and principals in their stress experience. Teachers face frequent encounters with high stress, whereas principals infrequently encounter highly stressful situations. Nine tables and a reference list are included. (MD)
Descriptors: Background, Educational Environment, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Principals, Public School Teachers, Public Schools, Questionnaires, School Size, Stress Variables, Student Problems, Surveys, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Background, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Student Relationship, Work Attitudes, Work Environment
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Alberta; Collegiality
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).