ERIC Number: ED253905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of the Use and Structure of Logic in Japanese Argument.
Hazen, Michael David
A study was conducted to determine if the Japanese use logic and argument in different ways than do Westerners. The study analyzed sample rebuttal speeches (in English) of 14 Japanese debaters using the Toulmin model of argument. In addition, it made comparisons with a sample of speeches made by 5 American high school debaters. Audiotapes of the speeches were transcribed, and selected portions of the transcripts were then divided into arguments. Within each argument, each simple utterance-act was coded into one of the six categories of Toulmin's model: (1) claims, (2) grounds, (3) warrants, (4) backing, (5) qualifiers, and (6) rebuttals. The picture of Japanese logic that emerged from the analysis was one that emphasizes the use of complete arguments; depends heavily upon grounds; rarely uses backing, qualifers, or rebuttals; and omits warrants when a part of the primary argument is missing. Compared to the argument used by American debaters, the Japanese version is more complete and uses more evidence. The findings suggest that the Japanese can use logic in a fashion similar to that of Westerners. This, however, says little about their standard way of using logic, and suggests that in debating in English, the Japanese clearly try to conform to Western standards--and probably succeed. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (70th, Chicago, IL, November 1-4, 1984).