ERIC Number: ED253902
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Propaganda Analysis Movement since World War I.
Sproule, J. Michael
To recount the development of the propaganda analysis movement before and since World War I, this paper reviews the precursors of the movement, traces the propaganda conciousness produced by wartime campaigns and subsequent domestic campaigns, and looks at major obstacles to propaganda analysis produced by social and academic conditions after 1940. The earliest efforts the paper summarizes are those of the "muckrackers," writers such as Upton Sinclair and Ida Tarbell, who exposed abuses in business and government for popular The document then reviews the progenitors of the "concept of crowd psychology," Gustav LeBon and Edward L. Bernays, and then covers wartime persuasion, beginning with the earliest pamphleteering efforts of Great Britain and Germany, and moving through President Wilson's Committee on Public Information (CPI). The paper next covers the postwar and disillusionment and propaganda consciousness that occurred due to the opening of secret diplomatic archives and the discrediting of the CPI. It then explains the successful move into private business by workers formerly of the CPI. The final two sections of the paper recount the history of propaganda analysis as a theme of popular and academic writers, and explains the vicissitudes of propaganda analysis as a field of study. (CRH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC. Office of Program and Policy Studies.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Propaganda Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (70th, Chicago, IL, November 1-4, 1984).