ERIC Number: ED253832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Interpreting the Effects of Autonomy on Inmates.
Martin, Frank P.; Osgood, D. Wayne
Research has indicated that increasing autonomy to incarcerated youths results in greater acceptance of institutional treatment goals and less support for an inmate counterculture. To examine different processes by which autonomy might affect individual outcomes, 430 youths in four Michigan boys' training schools were surveyed. The questionnaire used included two measures of autonomy and scales measuring perceived need for rehabilitation and satisfaction with the institution. Research focused on a model which differentiates the direct effect of autonomy on youths' antisocial values from the indirect effect of autonomy which operates through increasing youths' acceptance of institutional treatment goals. Data were analyzed using a structural equation model. Results indicated the model fit the data very well. Predicted correlations generated from path estimates closely matched the actual correlations between measures. The findings support the combined effects model, which predicts both a direct effect of autonomy on prosocial values and an indirect effect of autonomy mediated by the youths' acceptance of treatment goals. The largest path, between autonomy and acceptance of treatment objectives, suggests that persons who do not feel coerced are more accepting of authority. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Program Objectives
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-27, 1984).