ERIC Number: ED253820
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Primary Prevention, Schools and the School Psychologist.
This paper discusses the importance of preventive intervention in maintaining the mental health of children. Definitions of prevention are presented, with particular focus on primary prevention, i.e., the lowering of the rate of emotional disorders in a population. The importance of focusing on prevention in childhood is emphasized, and the potential for prevention and intervention in schools, by teachers and school psychologists, is discussed. Two major areas of primary prevention, general health promotion and protection against specific disorders, are examined in detail. Subdivisions of health promotion are discussed including: competence building, which involves teaching children problem-solving and social skills and teaching teachers attitudes that will enable them to improve relationships with students; and intervention in the psychosociocultural context involving specific interventions in school and the community. The two areas of specific protection, screening (a process for identifying children at risk), and crisis intervention, are delineated. Obstacles to instituting a primary prevention program in schools are discussed and implications for school psychologists regarding primary prevention or the lack of it in the schools are highlighted. Notes and references are included. Appendix A contains a diagram representing the different levels and subdivisions of primary prevention. (BH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Support Staff
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Primary Prevention
Note: Portions may be marginally legible due to broken type. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association of School Psychologists (16th, Philadelphia, PA, April 18-21, 1984).