ERIC Number: ED253812
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Do First and Later Borns Agree with Psychologists?
Research has found firstborns to be more ambitious, rule-oriented, authority-oriented, helpful, and responsible, and less oriented toward peers, their own needs, social activities, and group cooperation than are laterborns. To explore whether those occupying different birth order positions perceive themselves as psychologists have described them, 85 undergraduates (45 males, 40 females) participated in a study. All participants were white, American, 18 years of age or older, and from two-child families in which no siblings were deceased. Both parents were alive and lived together at least through the subject's 12th year, and no adults other than the parents lived in the home. The subjects provided background information, answered a forced-choice questionnaire, chose one of four descriptions that best described themselves (from Walter Toman's descriptions of personality patterns associated with birth order positions), and completed the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale. Results indicated that firstborns with the same sex sibling perceived themselves as more like firstborns than did those with a different sex sibling. Firstborn females with the same sex sibling reported more positive self-concepts than did firstborn males with the same sex sibling. Firstborns with the same sex sibling ascribed more firstborn characteristics to themselves than any other group. In describing themselves as psychologists describe them, firstborns demonstrate their greater conformity to the established point of view. The appendix includes Toman's descriptions of female and male personality types and questionnaires used in the project. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: First Born; Tennessee Self Concept Scale; Toman (Walter)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (31st, Atlanta, GA, March 28-30, 1985).