ERIC Number: ED253803
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov-18
Reference Count: 0
Revision and Factor Analysis of a Death Anxiety Scale.
Thorson, James A.; Powell, F. C.
Earlier research on death anxiety using the 34-item scale developed by Nehrke-Templer-Boyar (NTB) indicated that females and younger persons have significantly higher death anxiety. To simplify a death anxiety scale for use with different age groups, and to determine the conceptual factors actually measured by the scale, a revised 25-item true/false measure was administered to 599 persons aged 16 to 84. With a possible range of 25 to 75 (higher score indicating increased death anxiety), the range of scores from this sample was 27 to 71 with a group mean of 47.5. Preliminary findings confirmed that women and younger people had the highest death anxiety, while older persons had significantly less. Those with experience of death had lower anxiety; those with less education had higher death anxiety. Whites had significantly higher anxiety than blacks. Four principal factors were indicated: (1) fear of the uncertainty of death and loss of personal control; (2) fear of pain; (3) fear of the dying process itself; and (4) fear of burial and decomposition. It is suggested that four additional items be dropped from the scale to eliminate extraneous afterlife concepts. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Death Anxiety Scale
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (37th, San Antonio, TX, November 16-20, 1984). For the previous phase of this study, see ED 153 127.