ERIC Number: ED253786
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Professional and Administrative Standards on Court Cases Involving Criterion-Related Validity.
Faley, Robert H.; Kleiman, Lawrence S.
This paper reviews 12 Title VII court cases litigated since 1978 to assess implications of recent professional and legal guidelines regarding criterion-related validity of paper and pencil tests used by employers to prove job relatedness. Major topics important to an understanding of predictor criterion, including procedural, and data analysis and interpretation issues are examined. Predictor related issues which are considered include choice of predictor, test content, and search for alternatives. Criterion-related issues which are reviewed include criterion relevancy, psychometric considerations, use of the criterion, and training performance as the criterion. Three major procedural issues are examined: (1) choice of predictive or concurrent strategy; (2) sample size; and (3) job grouping. Issues involving magnitude and utility of the predictor-criterion relationship, the use of statistical corrections, cutoff scores, test fairness, and validity generalization are also discussed. Suggestions are offered to guide employers who are interested in successfully conducting or defending a criterion-related validation study. (JAC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Adverse Impact; Criterion Related Validity
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-27, 1984).