ERIC Number: ED253597
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
A Survey of Tutoring Activities in Israel and Associated Evaluation Studies. Publication No. 96.
Davis, Dan; And Others
Children's, teachers' and principals' reports are used to estimate the extent of tutoring activities in Israeli elementary schools and to provide information on their implementation. Eight studies evaluating the tutoring process and its effect on achievement, motivation, and self-concept are described. The data show that about 5% of elementary school children were being tutored in 1981, mainly in schools with disadvantaged children. Percentage attendance was high--about 85%. Nearly half the programs involved participants from outside the school, almost certainly as a result of universities, teachers' colleges, and high schools requiring or encouraging community activities. The survey of the eight evaluation studies found that little guidance was provided for tutors and that tutors were likely to face ingrained learning and behavioral difficulties in socially and culturally disadvantaged children. The data show that unguided tutoring had negligible to small effects on achievement, school motivation, and self-concept; guided tutoring had moderate to strong effects on achievement, small effects on motivation and self-concept. It is concluded that guidance and structure must be introduced into Israeli tutoring programs if the desired improvements are to be achieved. (RDN)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: National Council of Jewish Women, New York, NY. Research Inst. for Innovation in Education.