ERIC Number: ED253490
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
International Negotiation. A Cross-Cultural Perspective.
Intended for professionals who work internationally, the booklet addresses the cross-cultural communication process that is involved whenever persons of widely differing backgrounds attempt to reach agreements. Three countries (Japan, Mexico, and France) are compared and a line of questioning and analysis that a negotiator might find useful, whatever the national identity, is suggested. The first of six sections presents a broad overview of the social psychology of cross-cultural negotiation; the next five sections each deal with a particular "consideration" involved in the process. The first consideration involves understanding the way that negotiators view the negotiation encounter itself (the session's social meaning, who should attend, what kind of conversations should take place, with what courtesy, and with what expected style of debate). The second consideration is concerned with ways that cultural background affects decision making style. The effect of "national character" on the negotiation process, a third consideration, involves the effect of national self-image on negotiation, specific values and implicit assumptions of negotiators, and cultural differences in styles of logic, reasoning, and persuasion. The fourth consideration, "coping with cross-cultural noise," covers the background distractions, including noise, the presence of other people, and habits or idiosyncracies that bother one party or the other. A fifth consideration, "trusting interpreters and translators" is the topic of the final section. This section examines actual limits in translating ideals, concepts, meanings, and nuances; the subjective meaning on each side of a translation; and built-in styles of reasoning that resist translation. (LH)
Descriptors: Communication Problems, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cross Cultural Training, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Interrelationships, Decision Making, Foreign Countries, Intercultural Communication, Intergroup Relations, International Relations, Social Psychology
Intercultural Press, Inc., P.O. Box 768, Yarmouth, ME 04096 ($6.50).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: France; Japan; Mexico; Negotiation Processes; United States
Note: Revised version of a discussion paper first prepared for the Foreign Service Institute, Department of State.