ERIC Number: ED253478
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
In Search of the "Real" California: History in the Fourth Grade Textbook.
A comparison is made between six state-adopted fourth-grade California history textbooks dating from 1940-1965 and seven textbooks adopted since 1980. The author's observations suggest that although overall changes between older and newer texts have been dramatic, the new books vary widely among themselves. Changes between older and newer texts include (1) a tendency for new texts to focus more on change and the limits and problems that accompany growth than on progress and growth, (2) a renewed emphasis on the rights of individuals as compared to an earlier emphasis on the duties of citizenship, (3) a growing respect for diversity among individuals and cultures, which replaces the once-prevalent concept of the "melting pot," and (4) a tendency for newer texts to aim for a more balanced and realistic presentation of facts. Two suggestions for making content more relevant are proposed. Texts used in the comparison include "California Beginnings" (Lola B. Hoffman, 1948), "Our California" (Irmagarde Richards, 1952), "California Yesterdays" (Irmagarde Richards, 1957), "Long-Ago Stories of California" (Rambeau and Rambeau, 1957), "A Child's History of California" (Enola Flower, 1958), "California: A History" (Mabel Young Williams), "California: Your State" (Ester Crabtree and others, 1983), "California, Its Place in the World" (John Jarolimek and others, 1983), "California" (June Chapin and others, 1984), "California!" (Kevin Starr, 1980), "California History: The Study of Your State" (Joan Schrerber and others, 1984), "California: Yesterday & Today" (Durlynn C. Anema and others, 1984), and "Our California"(Carlos E. Cortes, 1983). (LH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California History
Note: Paper presented at the CLIO Conference (Berkeley, CA, August 22, 1984).