ERIC Number: ED253317
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Play Materials on Positive and Negative Social Behaviors in Preschool Boys and Girls.
Quay, Lorene C.; And Others
Eleven preschool play centers in a preschool classroom were randomly sampled and observed during children's free play. Frequency of use, frequency of social and nonsocial behaviors, and quality (positive or negative) of social interactions occurring within them were recorded. A time-sampling procedure was used to obtain data. A total of 160 observation segments were obtained for each center. Attending the center were 24 middle class children (8 males, 16 females) with a mean age of 66 months. Two Log-linear analyses, each of which permitted the simultaneous comparison of all 11 play centers, indicated that play centers differed in frequency of use and that, overall, children engaged in more social than nonsocial and more positive than negative behaviors. A significant statistical interaction between the variables of play center and social/nonsocial behavior indicated that more social behavior occured in some play centers than in others. A significant play center by positive/negative social behavior interaction indicated that more positive social behavior occurred in some of the centers and more negative social behavior occurred in others. A significant play center by gender interaction indicated that boys and girls differed in the frequency with which they played in the various centers. The social/nonsocial behavior by gender interaction, the positive/negative behavior by gender interaction, and the three-way interactions were not statistically significant. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Nonsocial Behavior; Play Materials
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, August 24-28, 1984).