ERIC Number: ED253296
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Early and Extended Neonatal Contact on Mother-Infant Interaction.
Hopkins, John B.
In this study, 104 primarily indigent primiparous mothers from urban and rural areas and their healthy, full-term neonates were placed in one of four conditions during the normal postpartum lying-in period. Conditions were control, initial contact, rooming-in, and initial contact plus rooming-in. Dependent variables consisted of scores on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavior Assessment Scale, results of observations of the mother-infant dyad by the nursing staff, and data gained through assessment of mothers' perceptions of their neonates by means of a questionnaire. For both the neonatal assessment and the interaction observation data, results were found to fit a model contrasting dyads that received initial contact and dyads that did not. Nurse ratings produced no effects, while maternal perceptions inferred from the temperament scale yielded contrasts between rooming-in dyads and dyads not rooming-in, as well as contrasts between dyads that received initial contact and those that did not. Results were interpreted as indicating an interaction between method of assessment and choice of dependent variables. In addition, findings with respect to the direct measures (neonatal assessment and feeding observations) were construed as important evidence for the existence of a sensitive period following birth. Speculation regarding the process involved in initial contact was presented, and results were discussed in light of this possible mechanism. (Related materials are appended; these include a priori profiles for the Brazelton Scale, the Neonatal Unit Rating Scale Evaluation (NURSE), and Talking about My Baby, a modified version of W. Carey's Infant Temperament Scale. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale; Coding; Dyadic Interaction Analysis; Infant Feeding; Qualitative Data; Quantitative Data; Social Interaction