ERIC Number: ED253210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Importance of Context When Studying the Impact of Instructional Television.
Sanders, James R.
To develop a conceptual framework for understanding the environmental variables that affect the impact of classroom television, the use of the instructional television series "ThinkAbout" (Agency for Instructional Television) was studied under natural classroom conditions using observations recorded as part of a series of studies conducted during the 1979-1980 school year. In order to provide conceptual organizers for the contextual factors identified in the study, findings were categorized by influences related to: (1) the school organization, such as pressures of accountability, the school schedule, and unscheduled interruptions; (2) the teacher, including preparation, teaching style, and enthusiasm; (3) the teaching process as an adjunct to the series itself; (4) the students, including their attitudes toward television as a learning medium and their expectations for television programs; and (5) influences of the distribution system such as dependency on public broadcasting station schedules and delays in receiving copies of the teacher's guide. The studies provided data on a rich variety of contextual influences, a clinical understanding of previously unmeasured individualized effects occurring in classrooms, and the finding that teachers are not a good source of data on how educational television is used. Fourteen references are listed. (LMM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Joint Annual Meeting of the Evaluation Network and Evaluation Research Society (Chicago, IL, October 1983).