ERIC Number: ED253096
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Arabization in the Maghreb: Special Report.
The Arabization process in the Maghreb countries--Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia--is unique in that these countries are officially committed to the use of Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) while widespread use of French, a colonial language, persists, and the formal Arabic used in Arabization differs from the colloquial forms used in each country. The language planning of this process takes two forms: corpus Arabization and status Arabization. The process began after the countries' independence from France. Impediments to Arabization included a lack of native speakers of MSA, problems in introducing the language in elementary education, lack of support from the elite, and in Algeria, the rise of the movement known as "Berberism." However, progress has been made at all educational levels, in administration, and in the media. Since the late 1970s, there has been renewed vigor in all three countries' Arabization campaigns because of the general shift in language usage and changing attitudes due to partial Arabization. The political influence of the Islamic revival in the Middle East and the influx of Arab monies into the Maghreb from the Gulf countries have also been instrumental in promoting Arabization. A gradual process of change is predicted, but the most important requirement for success, acquaintance with MSA, has already been met. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Foreign Service (Dept. of State), Washington, DC. Foreign Service Inst.
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers: Algeria; Maghreb Countries; Morocco; Tunisia