ERIC Number: ED252802
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Elevated Self-Concept in the Elderly: Denial or Coping Strategy?
Compton, William C.; And Others
Although previous research indicates that self-concept scores of elderly people are higher than both test norms and scores for younger groups, some researchers have hypothesized that the higher self-concept scores are the result of denial and are not an indication of true self-concept. To investigate the consistency of higher test scores across different self-report measures and to examine higher scores as indicators of denial versus a coping style, older adults, aged 65 to 90, were given an extensive test battery which included measures of psychological, social, and physiological functioning. The sample was divided into a high and a low defensive group by a median split on the Defensive Positive (DP) scale of the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS). T-tests were computed between the groups on self-report measures and measures of behavioral performance. Results for the self-report measures and subscales of the TSCS supported the hypothesis of a positive response tendency for the high DP group. Results for the behavioral performance measures and subscales of the TSCS did not support the hypothesis that the response tendency was motivated by denial. The findings suggest that the favorable response tendency indicates use of specific coping strategies which may increase adjustment. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Denial (Psychology); Self Report Measures
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 14-16, 1984). For related research, see ED 244 187.