ERIC Number: ED252794
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Use of CALAS in a Study of Counselor Empathy and Client Verbal Behavior.
Kidder, David W.
Accurate communication of empathy by a counselor may facilitate client self-exploration which, in turn, is necessary for positive outcome. To study the effects of counselor empathic response on client self-exploration, two doctoral level counseling psychology students had one 45-minute interview with each of two college student clients. Counselors switched from a baseline condition of minimum reflection of feeling to an empathetic condition involving high rates of reflection. Raters checked the proper manipulation of empathy from tape recordings and transcripts. Transcripts of the interviews were processed by the Computer Assisted Language Analysis System (CALAS) which classified client language for clauses, verbs, and verb types representing client self-exploration, i.e., expression of experiencing, verbal productivity, and length of utterances. Analysis of results did not support a relationship between counselor empathic responding and client self-exploration. The nonsignificant results may have been related to excessive controls and procedural checks on the dependent and independent variables, or to the fact that whole interviews rather than short segments were analyzed by CALAS. (BH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Computer Assisted Language Analysis System
Note: Paper presented as part of a symposium "Research on Language Analysis in Counseling" at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984). For other symposium papers, see CG 017 962-967. Best copy available.