ERIC Number: ED252790
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug-26
Reference Count: 0
Treatment Approaches for Presurgical Anxiety: A Health Care Concern.
Keogh, Nancy Jones; And Others
To test the differential effectiveness of preoperative instruction (factual information, emotional expression, and trust relationship), mastery modeling, and coping modeling, 100 children, aged 7-12, were studied. Subjects from two hospitals were randomly assigned to four experimental groups and one control group: alone (the control group, N=20); mastery modeling; coping modeling; preoperative instruction with mastery modeling; or preoperative instruction with coping modeling. All children were administered the Hospital Fears Rating Scale (self-report), the Observer Rating Scale of Anxiety, and the Palmar Sweat Index (physiological measure) before and after treatment. Analysis of results showed inconsistencies between hospitals. Mastery modeling with preoperative instruction was most effective at one hospital, while preoperative instruction alone was most effective at the other hospital. In addition, mastery alone and coping alone were each effective at different hospitals. The inconsistent results may be related to childrens' differing anxiety levels, types of surgery, and socioeconomic status. (MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).