ERIC Number: ED252788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Effect of Paradoxical and Non-Paradoxical Self-Disclosure on Counselor Social Influence.
Perrin, Deborah K.; Dowd, E. Thomas
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of counselor self-disclosure and paradoxical and nonparadoxical homework directives on subjects' reactions to the homework directive and on perceived counselor social influence. It was hypothesized that counselor self-disclosure would reduce potentially negative perceptions of paradoxical directives. A total of 50 female and 14 male subjects rated one of four videotapes of a female counselor interviewing a client reporting problems with test anxiety. Results showed that symptom prescription paradoxical homework directives were perceived as more tricky, manipulative, and confusing than nonparadoxical directives, but that these perceptions did not affect subjects' perceptions of the counselor's willingness or ability to help, or increase feelings of anger towards the counselor. Results also indicated that paradoxical directives were not damaging to perceptions of counselor social influence and that counselor self-disclosure does not necessarily enhance or limit perceptions of counselor social influence. The implications of these findings for the use of paradoxical interventions are discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interpersonal Influence Process
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984). This study is based on the first author's masters thesis.