ERIC Number: ED252759
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Interbehavioral Perspectives on Crime and Delinquency.
Morris, Edward K.; And Others
Interbehavioral psychology represents an important innovation for clinical psychology in general, and for behavior modification in particular. Most theories of deviance acknowledge the role of a person's past history in the determination of behavior. Unfortunately, this history is often transformed into the supposed effects of current and continuous mental processes or entities. Interbehavioral psychology rejects this mentalism, yet retains the important place of a person's history. Three types of mentalistic explanations of deviance involve: (1) mental and biological processes; (2) mental and biological traits; and (3) situationism. These ahistorical approaches to deviance divert attention from the continuous process of person/environment interactions. When behavior is analyzed in terms of an interbehavioral history of confrontable events, concrete moves can be made in the description, prediction, and control of behavior. Some of these concrete moves involve "setting factors," i.e., contextual conditions (such as drug use) that influence which stimulus-response functions, previously established through an interbehavioral history, will occur at a particular time. Interbehavioral psychology offers an integrated-field or systems theory that conceptualizes interactions among the various factors in the field as mutual, reciprocal, and dynamic. Interbehavioral psychology rejects the assumption that causes can be reduced to a single, discrete agent. (JAC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interbehavioral Psychology; Mentalistic Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).