ERIC Number: ED252586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Early Childhood Education--The Best Thing Going in Education?
Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.
To help assess the potential long term benefits of prekindergarten programs in the Austin Independent School District (AISD) since 1976, this report reviews compensatory early childhood education research findings. Part One summarizes findings from AISD's Chapter 1, Chapter 1 Migrant, and Title VII prekindergarten programs. AISD students showed impressive gains across the year and across programs on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised. Part Two reviews the general literature on long term effects emphasizing the research of the Consortium for Longitudinal Studies, especially its Perry Preschool Project. The most important findings are: (1) good preschool programs can cut later special education placement rates in half; (2) preschool consistently reduces retention rates; (3) effects on achievement test scores last through fifth grade and favor children with preschool experience; (4) in the one study following participants through high school, 55 percent of control children but only 35 percent of preschool children were later dropouts; (5) IQ scores show very strong short-term effects; (6) preschool experience improves motivation and behavior during elementary school; (7) the Perry Project cost-benefit analysis showed that savings from reduced special education and retention costs alone enable a preschool program to pay for itself. (BS)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Compensatory Education, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Longitudinal Studies, Migrant Education, Outcomes of Education, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness
Office of Research and Evaluation, AISD, 6100 Guadalupe, Box 79, Austin, TX 78752 ($1.00 plus $l.00 postage).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.
Identifiers: Consortium for Longitudinal Studies; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (Revised); Perry Preschool Project