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ERIC Number: ED252529
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Sep-15
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Masculinity, Femininity and Androgyny: Their Relations to Multiple Dimensions of Self-Concept.
Marsh, Herbert W.; Smith, Ian
Masculinity (M) and Femininity (F) were related to multiple dimensions of self-concept for responses from 962 high school students. Androgyny theory predicts that F, as well as M, will contribute positively and uniquely to self-concept, but previous research has typically found that the contribution of F is nil or even negative after controlling for the contribution of M. However, in the present research, M scores and F scores each contributed positively and uniquely to the prediction of self-concept. In a few areas of self-concept the contribution of F was actually more positive than the contribution of M, and these tended to be the areas in which females had higher self-concepts than males. Surprisingly, the contribution of M to the prediction of self-concept was somewhat greater for females than for males, while the contribution of F was as large or larger for males as for females. Nevertheless, the relative contribution of M and F to the prediction of self-concept had more to do with the area of self-concept than with the gender of the respondent. The issues of social desirability, the possible bipolarity of MF, and the multidimensionality of both MF and self-concept are discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia (Sydney); Australian Sex Role Scale; Masculinity Femininity Variable; Self Description Questionnaire II