ERIC Number: ED252498
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Relationship between Teacher Motivation and Commitment to the Profession.
Kaufman, Johanna Wahl
A study examined the feasibility of the use of the Herzberg Motivation-Hygiene Theory to identify groups of teachers as motivation seekers. The theory distinguishes individuals by their personal needs, i.e., "hygiene needs," such as working conditions, salary, class size, supervision, policy, and benefits; and "motivation needs," such as recognition, achievement, responsibility, and intrinsic rewards of the job. A questionnaire was developed to measure: (1) motivation/satisfaction; (2) hygiene/dissatisfaction; and (3) commitment/activities. Responses were obtained from 198 elementary and secondary school teachers. The study concluded that the Herzberg Motivation-Hygiene Theory could be used in education to distinguish between motivation seekers and hygiene seekers. Based on criteria established for this study, motivation seekers were more committed to the teaching profession than were non-motivation seekers. Demographic variables had no bearing on the respondents' degree of motivation. A discussion of the findings includes implications for practice and for further research. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Motivation Hygiene Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).