ERIC Number: ED252455
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
How Old Is Scientific Psychology?
Harding, John S.
Scientific psychology did not begin with Fechner and Wundt in the 19th century; its roots actually stretch back to 18th century Germany. The only detailed account of this period was published by Max Dessoir more than 80 years ago. Dessoir identified some of the crucial figures in early psychology, including Wolff, Bonnet, Kruger, Hissman, and Mendelssohn. From 1783 to 1808, approximately 14 periodicals existed which dealt with psychology as we now conceive it. The earliest of these was the "Journal of Experiential Psychology." Seven journals dealt with a broad range of psychological topics, including applications to related fields such as education, linguistics, ethics, and psychopathology; five were devoted to physiological psychology and hypnotic phenomena; and two concentrated on characterology and psychotherapy. Three of the most important were the "Journal of Experiential Psychology," founded by Moritz; the "General Register for Empirical Psychology and Related Sciences," edited by Mauchert; and the "Psychological Journal," edited by Schmid. After 1808 these psychological journals became very rare, probably because of economic difficulties, a general disillusionment with empirical psychology, and the emergence of psychiatry as a medical specialty. (IS)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).