ERIC Number: ED252295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Classroom Management and Discipline, Without Corporal Punishment, in Norwegian Elementary Schools.
Increasing consideration is being given in the the United States to moving away from corporal punishment as a discipline alternative. Therefore, it is important to look at the experiences of countries such as Norway that have abolished corporal punishment. In this study, questionnaires regarding classroom management techniques were completed by 286 primary level teachers from 63 rural and urban schools in Norway. Almost all students were middle class and Norwegian-speaking. Praise, providing an enjoyable activity, and giving extra recess were the most frequently used reward techniques. Verbal reprimands were the most frequently used negative reinforcement. Other frequently used management techniques were moving the disturbing pupil away from the distracting stimulus, making eye contact, and making physical contact by placing a hand on the pupil's shoulder or arm. Techniques spontaneously suggested by teachers focused on listening, discussing, and communicating expectations. Teachers also indicated good working relationships with parents. Many behavior modification and punishment techniques used in the United States were either not used at all or used by very few. While Norwegian teachers indicated interest in learning more about classroom management techniques, it was concluded from 12 months of observation that this interest was not due to inadequate classroom management. It was suggested that more frequent recesses may help to reduce discipline problems. (CB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Norway; Recess Time
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (13th, New Orleans, LA, November 14-16, 1984).