ERIC Number: ED252284
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Interpersonal Relationships and Locus of Control: Expectancy and Reinforcement Effects.
Schaefer, Earl S.; And Others
This longitudinal study investigated maternal locus of control and the mother's perceptions of relationships with her husband, her own mother, her child, her child's teacher, and her child's health care provider. To determine whether the mother's behavior is related to generalized expectancies, her locus of control was also correlated with interviewer ratings of her cooperativeness during the interview. Subjects were 321 low income women whose infants were normal at birth; 72 percent were black. They were interviewed during the third trimester of pregnancy, at 4 and 12 months postnatally, and during the child's kindergarten year. Rating scales of subjects' locus of control, perceptions of family members, and cooperativeness were completed during extensive interviews. Reliabilities of these rating scales were computed with Cronbach's alpha. Multiple regression analysis showed several statistically significant relationships between locus of control and other variables. It was concluded that experiences of autonomy and control in relationships with significant family members generalize as internal versus external locus of control. In subsequent relationships these experiences are externalized through perceptions of others and behavior with others. (CB)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Blacks, Cooperation, Expectation, Family Relationship, Health Personnel, Interpersonal Relationship, Interviews, Locus of Control, Longitudinal Studies, Low Income Groups, Mother Attitudes, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Personal Autonomy, Psychological Patterns, Rating Scales, Significant Others, Spouses
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Authority Figures; Parent Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).