ERIC Number: ED252035
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Directed Positive Imagery as Reinforcement of Academic Behavior in Trainable Mentally Handicapped Students.
Hartley, Bruce Alan
Florida Educational Research and Development Council Research Bulletin, v17 n3 Win 1983
The effects of directed positive imagery on performance by trainable mentally handicapped (TMH) students on a numeral naming task were explored. Ss were 43 TMH students ages 7-21 (IQ 33-54) having adequate auditory and visual acuities, and understandable speech. Between pretest and posttest, in which all Ss were required to identify and name numerals 1-20, two groups of Ss received either enhanced (elaborate) or unenhanced (abbreviated) reinforcer imagery treatments. A control group (N=14) received no imagery treatment. No significant differences in performance among the three groups were found. A review of the literature describes imagery development and research, discusses the use of imagery in overt and covert reinforcement techniques, and cites studies in covert positive reinforcement. Appendices include test instructions and texts of the reinforcer scripts. (JW)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Elementary Secondary Education, Imagery, Moderate Mental Retardation, Positive Reinforcement, Relaxation Training, Severe Mental Retardation, Teaching Methods
Florida Educational Research and Development Council, Inc., P.O. Box 506, Sanibel, FL 33957 ($3.00 individual copies; $10.00 subscription--4 issues; quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida Educational Research and Development Council, Inc., Ft. Myers.