ERIC Number: ED251943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Intentions and Impacts: A Comparison of Sources of Influence on Local School Systems.
Rossman, Gretchen B.; And Others
This report is based on data collected in a 2-year study of the implementation of Chapter 2 of the Educational Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981, which combined the funds from 28 federal programs into a single block grant. This study investigated the effects of the act on 12 school districts, in an effort to obtain a better general understanding of how school districts operate, to assess the significance of a specific federal policy for them, and to share this information with the state education agency (SEA) officials charged with administering Chapter 2. This final report argues that three fundamental processes link external policies, the community, and internal initiatives to school district operations: (1) rational-bureaucratic (direct supervision, monitoring, and standardization); (2) political (informal communication, delegation of authority, negotiation, and persuasion); and (3) economic (resource allocations, trade-offs, and consumer decisions). After describing the study's research methods, the paper examines local perceptions about several influences on their systems: federal policies, state legislation, demographic trends, the local community, and central office directives. Next, influence sources are compared according to the processes that link them with local operations. Finally, the paper describes contextual conditions that affect district responses to the influence attempts. (TE)
Descriptors: Block Grants, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Programs, Government School Relationship, Politics of Education, Program Implementation, School District Autonomy, School Supervision, School Support, State Agencies, State Aid, State Departments of Education, State Federal Aid, State School District Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 2