ERIC Number: ED251851
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Strengthening Language Control through Metaphor Analysis.
Geiger, William A., Jr.
Three universes of discourse are at work when writers create or use a metaphor: the analogical or metaphorical universe from which they borrow words, things, and relationships (sometimes called the "vehicle"); the contextual universe in which the analogy is being used (sometimes called the "topic"); and the metauniverse, or the comprehensive universe, that gives the analogical and contextual universes their meaning (sometimes called the "ground"). A verbal analysis of a metaphor from Shakespeare's "Hamlet" is given. Another method for metaphor analysis is explained, using a diagram that serves as a frame or apparatus for working out the "relevant relationship" (the metauniverse) that includes the analogical and contextual species. Because analyzing a metaphor is a microprocess of composing, metaphor analysis is central, not peripheral, to a composition course. First, it leads to increased semantic accuracy. Second, it provides a lively awareness of the profound importance of metaphor in human experience, thus helping the student transcend disciplinary boundaries. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Wyoming Conference on Freshman and Sophomore English (10th, Laramie, WY, July 6-10, 1981).