ERIC Number: ED251777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Beyond Dependency, Autonomy and Exchange: Prosocial Behavior in Late Life Adaptation.
Kahana, Eva; And Others
This review of the literature on prosocial behavior in the elderly provides empirical data on the prevalence of helping behaviors among the elderly and the range of motives underlying their helping. Implications of these data for theories of social behavior in later life are considered, and questions are raised about the validity of the models which have been implicit in much of existing research in social gerontology. Data on helping by the elderly are related to the dependency and autonomy models of social interaction. The potential for altruistic as opposed to extrinsic motivations for helping is considered, challenging the universal applicability of exchange principles to social interactions by older persons. Empirical evidence of prosocial behavior in late life is placed in the context of lifespan developmental theories of personality, and a contributory model of late life social behavior is proposed. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).