ERIC Number: ED251772
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Gender-Related Factors Affecting Perceptions of Self-Disclosure.
Lewis, Ellen T.; McCarthy, Patricia R.
In an attempt to understand the relationships among the gender of the self-discloser, the masculinity-femininity of the disclosure statement, and the sex role orientation of subjects rating disclosure statements, 160 male and female undergraduates were randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions. In the first condition, the self-disclosure items on the Self-Disclosure Rating Form (SDRF) were from tape recordings of men's conversations. In the second condition the same disclosure items were from tape recordings of women's conversations. Subjects rated the items for intimacy level and commonness; they then completed the Inventory of Learning Processes as a masking task; and the Bem Sex Role Inventory, for classification as either feminine, masculine, or androgynous. Results showed that feminine disclosures were rated as significantly more intimate and common than masculine disclosures. Masculine disclosures made by women were rated as significantly less common than feminine disclosures by women, and masculine or feminine disclosures by men. Sex role orientation had no significant effects. The results suggest that the masculinity-femininity of self-disclosure is an important dimension; they challenge previous research that has failed to consider this dimension. (Author/LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).