ERIC Number: ED251752
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Foundations of Phenomenological Psychology.
Aanstoos, Christopher M.
Phenomenology, hermeneutics and experiential psychology form the backbone of an emerging paradigm within psychology known as human science. Human science's use of phenomenology provides a way to set aside the naturalistic presupposition and directly study the irreducible involvement of human existence within a meaningful world, as it is given in immediate experience. Traditional psychology's natural science basis leads to the occlusion of meaning. The genetic perspective holds that human involvement in the world is not related to any intrinsic meaning, but is determined by inherited instincts. According to physiological psychology, emotion is casued by changes occurring in the body. Behaviorist theory assumes psychological life is the effect of random associations of impinging stimuli. In cognitive psychology, processed bits of information have replaced stimuli as the efficient reality on which psychological reality is founded. For phenomenological psychology, the fundamental psychological reality is human being in-the-world. Phenomenological research aims to discover the significance of psychological phenomena by studying its occurrance in everyday experience. It does this by obtaining naive descriptions from subjects and explicating the essential structure of the experience. The term human science was selected to connote an umbrella-like unity across different disciplines as well as across technical diversities at the level of method. The unifying factor is the recognition that human existence needs to be approached on its own terms, rather than on conceptual foundations borrowed from natural science. (LLL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (30th, New Orleans, LA, March 28-31, 1984).