ERIC Number: ED251738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Processes in Psychotherapy and Behavior Change: Self-Efficacy Expectancy, Outcome Expectancy, and Outcome Value.
Maddux, James E.; Barnes, Jo Ann
This paper reviews research on the relative utility of self-efficacy expectancy, outcome expectancy, and outcome value in explaining and predicting therapeutic behavior change. It proposes that these three cognitive mediators are basic factors in psychological and behavioral problems and in psychotherapy process, that they are logically independent, and can be manipulated independently in analogue research. A review of research on the relationships among these variables is presented, which revealed methodological problems that have resulted in misleading findings and inaccurate conclusions. Research is also reported that has attempted to rectify these methodological problems. The need for measures of self-efficacy expectancy, outcome expectancy, and outcome value which reflect their theoretical differentiation is stressed. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Expectancy Theory; Outcomes Expectancy; Self Efficacy Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).