ERIC Number: ED251277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Administration of Special Education Programs in Rural Areas: A Review of the Literature.
Within the literature on special education administration in rural areas three topics emerge: difficulties associated with bringing special education programs to rural areas; need for research pertaining to special education in rural areas; and a concern with cooperative arrangements as a means of providing special education programs in rural areas. Initially cooperatives appear to be a cure-all for the problem of administering special education programs in rural areas. However, on closer examination, it becomes apparent that cooperatives are plagued with difficulties and may fail to provide adequate services to handicapped children. When all potential difficulties are considered, the efficacy of cooperatives is questionable and the need for continued research becomes apparent. Throughout the literature, seven cooperative models arise: state plans; special school districts; formal intermediate units; true, satellite, and joint agreement cooperatives; and school study councils. Of these seven models, only the true cooperative and the satellite cooperative appear to possess all the components deemed necessary for the successful administration of special education programs in rural areas. However, neither model is free from accompanying difficulties. Consequently, the choice of administrative model must remain situation specific, and careful monitoring to insure efficiency, effectiveness, and responsiveness to local school district needs is recommended. (NQA)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Administrative Organization, Administrative Problems, Educational Cooperation, Efficiency, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance, Literature Reviews, Models, Organizational Effectiveness, Program Administration, Program Effectiveness, Rural Areas, Special Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Administrators
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Note: Supporting bibliography of 70 references.