ERIC Number: ED251271
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Sep-29
Reference Count: 0
Multidimensional Self-Concepts: The Effect of Participation in an Outward Bound Program.
Marsh, Herbert W.; And Others
Questionnaires were administered to 361 participants of a standard 26-day Australian Outward Bound Program to examine systematic change and stabiltiy in multiple dimensions of self-concept, to test hypothesized effects of Outward Bound participation on self-concept, and to explore methodological issues in such studies. The participants (aged 16-31, 75% male) had taken 1 of 10 standard residential Outward Bound courses offered between November 1982 and May 1983. Self-description questionnaires were completed 1 month before the start of the program, on the first day of the program, and on the last day of the program. Findings showed that participation in the program produced increases in the multiple dimensions of self-concept over the 26-day interval, demonstrating the program's effectiveness. Counter explanations for the findings were examined with a variety of different approaches and did not appear to be viable. The psychometric properties of responses to the self description questionnaire (reliability, dimensionality, and stability), coupled with the systematic relationship between the size of shifts in the questionnaire scales and the scales' a priori relevance to program goals, supported the validity of interpretations based upon the questionnaire and its use as a criterion measure in intervention studies. (Author/NEC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia; Outward Bound
Note: Request for reprints should be sent to Dr. Herbert W. Marsh, Dept. of Education, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.